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Business:  Citations 

Your comprehensive station for UCI's business research content and beyond!
URL: https://guides.lib.uci.edu/business

Citations

 

APA (American Psychological Association) Style

  • Used in behavioral and social sciences disciplines, including business.  
  • Requires that you cite your sources using both in-text citations and reference-list citations
  • Reference list citations present four pieces of data, in this order: 1) Author, 2) Publication date, 3) Title, and 4) How/where to access.
    Author surname, initial. (Date). Title of Resource. Retrieval information. 


Tipanteater tips icon
Business resources may lack stable article URLs that you can use in a citation. 

  1. Look for a permalink icon, similar to this:  
     
  2. If you don't see a permalink icon, examine the URL.  Does it appear to have a unique name/number that goes to the article?  Does the URL work if you try it in a different browser or a browser set to incognito?
     
  3. If you are unsure of whether the article URL is stable, then use the URL to the resource provided by the UCI Libraries (see the Euromonitor International example below).

 

Examples

 

Industry / Market Research Reports

 

Unknown Author
Euromonitor International. (2020, March). Retailing in New Zealand. Passport. http://www.lib.uci.edu/online/euromonitor

  • In-Text Parenthetical Citation: (Euromonitor, 2020)
  • Tip: For twin citations, such as two Euromonitor reports, put a lowercase letter after the year to tell them apart: (Euromonitor 2020a)
  • In-Text Narrative Citation:  The market research firm Euromonitor International (2020b), estimates online retailing will...
     

Known Author
Le, T. (2020, May). Gym, Health & Fitness Clubs in the US. IBISWorld. https://my.ibisworld.com/us/en/industry/71394

  • In-Text Parenthetical Citation: (Le, 2020)
  • In-Text Narrative Citation:  Thi Le (2020), writing for the market research firm IBISWorld, predicts that...
     

 

News Article


Ansberry, C. (2020, August 31). An Alzheimer’s Quest: Enrolling More Black People in Clinical Trials. The Wall Street Journal. https://www.wsj.com/articles/an-alzheimers-quest-enrolling-more-black-people-in-clinical-trials-11598891561?st=hgv6g72f2jrvgd2

  • In-Text Parenthetical Citation: (Ansberry, 2020)
  • In-Text Narrative Citation: In the Wall Street Journal, Clare Ansberry (2020) reported on how...
     

 

Journal Article


Galloway, M. K., Callin, P., James, S., Vimegnon, H., & McCall, L. (2019). Culturally Responsive, Antiracist, or Anti-Oppressive? How Language Matters for School Change Efforts. Equity & Excellence in Education, 52(4), 485–501. https://doi.org/10.1080/10665684.2019.1691959

  • In-Text Parenthetical Citation: (Galloway et al., 2019)
  • In-Text Narrative Citation: Galloway et al. (2019) suggests that...
     

 

Book


Kendi, I.X. (2019). How to be an Antiracist. Random House Publishing Group.

  • In-Text Parenthetical Citation: (Kendi, 2019).
  • In-Text Narrative Citation: In the introduction of his book, Kendi (2019) explains...
     

 

Podcast


Thomas, T. (2019, September 23). The Short Stacks 22: Ibram X. Kendi//How to be an Antiracist [Audio podcast]. The Stackshttps://thestackspodcast.com/2019/09/22/ss22/

  • In-Text Parenthetical Citation: (Thomas, 2019).
  • In-Text Narrative Citation: On an episode of her podcast from September 2019, Thomas discusses the book How to be an Antiracist with author and historian Ibbram X. Kendi, who says...
     


There's a guide for that! 

For more detailed information about Bibliographic Management Software and a more detailed comparison different BMS options,
visit our Bibliographic Management Software Guide


  Zotero Mendeley EndNote Basic
URL zotero.org mendeley.com https://access.clarivate.com/login?app=endnote
Cost Free (open source) - up to 300 MB of cloud storage. Storage can be upgraded for a monthly fee Free - up to 2 GB of cloud storage. Storage can be upgraded for a monthly fee Free - up to 50,000 references. Storage can be upgraded if full version of EndNote is purchased.
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