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Economics:  Citation Tools 

Your comprehensive station for UCI's economic research content and beyond!



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

  • Used in behavioral and social sciences disciplines, including business and economics.
  • Requires that you cite your sources using both in-text citations and reference-list citations
  • Reference list citations present four pieces of data, in this order: 1) Author, 2) Publication date, 3) Title, and 4) How/where to access.
    Author/Analyst surname, initial. (Date). Title of Document. Title of Resource. Retrieval information. 

Tipanteater tips icon
Business resources may lack stable article URLs that you can use in a citation. 

  1. Look for a permalink icon, similar to this:  
  2. If you don't see a permalink icon, examine the URL.  Does it appear to have a unique name/number that goes to the article?  Does the URL work if you try it in a different browser or a browser set to incognito?
  3. If you are unsure of whether the article URL is stable, then use the URL to the resource provided by the UCI Libraries (see the Euromonitor International example below).




Industry / Market Research Reports


Unknown Author
Euromonitor International. (2022, October). Megatrends in New Zealand. Passport

  • In-Text Parenthetical Citation: (Euromonitor, 2022)
  • Tip: For twin citations, such as two Euromonitor reports, put a lowercase letter after the year to tell them apart: (Euromonitor 2022a)
  • In-Text Narrative Citation:  The market research firm Euromonitor International (2022b), estimates online retailing will...

Known Author
Le, T. (2020, May). Gym, Health & Fitness Clubs in the US. IBISWorld.

  • In-Text Parenthetical Citation: (Le, 2020)
  • In-Text Narrative Citation:  Thi Le (2020), writing for the market research firm IBISWorld, predicts that...


News Article

Ansberry, C. (2020, August 31). An Alzheimer’s Quest: Enrolling More Black People in Clinical Trials. The Wall Street Journal.

  • In-Text Parenthetical Citation: (Ansberry, 2020)
  • In-Text Narrative Citation: In the Wall Street Journal, Clare Ansberry (2020) reported on how...


Journal Article

Galloway, M. K., Callin, P., James, S., Vimegnon, H., & McCall, L. (2019). Culturally Responsive, Antiracist, or Anti-Oppressive? How Language Matters for School Change Efforts. Equity & Excellence in Education, 52(4), 485–501.

  • In-Text Parenthetical Citation: (Galloway et al., 2019)
  • In-Text Narrative Citation: Galloway et al. (2019) suggests that...



Kendi, I.X. (2019). How to be an Antiracist. Random House Publishing Group.

  • In-Text Parenthetical Citation: (Kendi, 2019).
  • In-Text Narrative Citation: In the introduction of his book, Kendi (2019) explains...



Thomas, T. (2019, September 23). The Short Stacks 22: Ibram X. Kendi//How to be an Antiracist [Audio podcast]. The Stacks

  • In-Text Parenthetical Citation: (Thomas, 2019).
  • In-Text Narrative Citation: On an episode of her podcast from September 2019, Thomas discusses the book How to be an Antiracist with author and historian Ibbram X. Kendi, who says...

There's a guide for that! 

For more detailed information about Bibliographic Management Software and a more detailed comparison different BMS options,
visit our Bibliographic Management Software Guide

  Zotero Mendeley EndNote Basic
Cost Free (open source) - up to 300 MB of cloud storage. Storage can be upgraded for a monthly fee Free - up to 2 GB of cloud storage. Storage can be upgraded for a monthly fee Free - up to 50,000 references. Storage can be upgraded if full version of EndNote is purchased.

Desktop software (Linux, Mac, and Windows)

Browser extensions for Chrome, Firefox, and Safari

Desktop software (Linux, Mac, and Windows)

Browser extensions for Chrome and Firefox

Web browser only


Help Guides


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 Box title- Access Answers 

What can I access? 

Access is generally available to all users. Registration or account creation might be required to access.

For commercial websites, the UCI Libraries do not offer premium memberships or subscriptions.


Access is available to all users ON the UCI campus and at GML.

OFF campus access requires Authorized Affiliates to log into the VPN with their active UCInetID and password.
Authorized Affiliates are users with an active UCInetID and password, i.e. current UCI students, faculty, and staff.


Access requires an active UCInetID and password.

Authorized Affiliates are users with an active UCInetID and password, i.e. current UCI students, faculty, and staff.


The resources are limited to select UCI populations, based on the user’s status, e.g. current UCI Faculty or PhD students. Please refer to the UCI Libraries for access instructions.

Examples for why content may be limited include: a vendor set restrictions on who may access their information; alternatively, information may be sensitive, identifying, or embargoed;


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