Lung (non-small cell)
Lung (small cell)
The References page should conform to the APA Style (American Psychological Association). The APA's Publication Manual was released in July 2009. These links are for the sixth edition of the manual.
Locate an available doi here! A doi is a set of numbers (sometimes letters, too) that helps you locate specific texts or objects. Anything can have a doi, but dois are often used to identify articles.
The following are mostly made up examples. The definitive resource for this information is APA's latest Publication Manual, which in available at Langson Library's Reference Desk under call number BF76.7 .P83 2010.
See Citations: Introductory Guide for simple examples.
See Visual Literacy for an extensive guide to citing images using APA.
Journal reference in a reference list
Rosenvinge, J.-H., Skårderud, F., & Thune-Larsen, K. (2003). Can educational programmes raise clinical competence in treating eating disorders? Results from a Norwegian trial. European Eating Disorders Review, 11, 329-343. doi:10.1002/erv.503
Notes: The above should be a hanging indent and double spaced. J.-H. is a hyphenated first name. The issue number is not present because this journal title is continuously paginated. The doi or digitial object identifier indicates retrieval from an online resource. Doi numbers are available in PsycINFO and/or on the article itself. If there is no doi and the article was read in a pdf document, I recommend citing it as a print reference. This is not in strict accordance with APA's Publication Manual, but the difficulty of finding a doi or of finding a publisher website makes this advisable. Can't find a doi? Locate an available doi here! Not all academic articles in Psychology that are available online have dois. Some online articles will have PMCIDs, which are Pub Med Central Identification numbers (e.g. PMCID: PMC2626925). PMCIDs are unique identifiers equivalent to DOIs, but different than a PMID
Journal reference in text
(Rosenvinge, Skårderud & Thune-Larsen, 2003) for the first time the reference is cited. Afterwards, use (Rosenvinge et al., 2003). If citing the same article in the same paragraph, use only Rosenvinge et al without the year.
Notes: Cite up to five authors for the first time referenced in text. If there are six or more authors, use the first author's last name followed by et al and continue to do so throughout the text. Within the text of a paper, you may either use the author's name followed by a comma with the date of the publication, or you may use the author's name outside the comma with the date in parentheses immediately following the author's name.
(Smith & Jones, 2009) OR Smith and Jones (2009)
Notes: Use "and" when you use the authors names in a sentence and "&" when you place it in parentheses.
Book chapter in a reference list
Vugt, M. van, & Park, J. H. (2010). The tribal instinct hypothesis: Evolution and the social psychology of intergroup relations. In S. Stürmer & M. Snyder (Eds.), The psychology of prosocial behavior: Group processes, intergroup relations, and helping (pp. 6-20). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Notes: The above should be a hanging indent and double spaced. Remember that author names are capitalized according to the country of origin (see the biographical section of Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary in Langson Library Reference at PE1628 .M36 2003).
Book chapter in text
(Vugt & Park, 2010)
Notes: If you are quoting or referring to a single page, the in text citation might be (Vugt & Park, 2010, p. 7). If citing a particular chapter, (Vugt & Park, 2010, chap. 2). If citing a set of pages, use (Vugt & Park, 2010, pp. 7-10).
Report in a reference list - Tehcnical and research reports
Sahoo, A. (2011, April). Probiotics and prebiotics in clinical nutrition: The regulatory landscape, unmet need and disease applications, future growth and key players (Reference Code: BI00044-004). Retrieved from Business Insights http://360.datamonitor.com/Product?pid=BI00044-004
Notes: The above should be a hanging indent and double spaced. Including the report number is not always necessary, but it can be useful. Use the same language as that on the actual document. The publisher is listed as part of the retrieval statement here because it was retrieved online. There is no location listed here because the document did not list one. Depending on your preference, you could investigate the location of the publisher, but only information retrievable from the document must be reflected.
Report in text
Notes: The month is not necessary. Page number citations are similar to those in book chapters.
Following are hints for the project:
- incidence and impact statistics - background, population demographics, mortality, # of cases
- relevant biological and anatomical features related to malignancy - medical, physiological, anatomical, biological
- how are malignancies detected? - symptoms, diagnostics, biopsies, scans, etc
- how are they treated? - therapies & treatments, drug interventions, chemo cocktail, radiation, surgeries, rehabilitation
- what are the critical needs going forward? - clinical trials, stem cell therapies, new & emerging research directions
Research background of specific diagnostic - remember that in the clinical cancer literature, neoplasm is used instead of cancer
Consider age factors, predisposition, family health history, external & environmental factors
Consider form of cancer, history of patient attributes, legitimate & bonafide treatments
Examine technologies - find short films on MedlinePlus, YouTube; or journal content that incorporates sound, images and text in JoVE, images (on the Subject Guide under Finding Images or Medical Images)
Sources - you should examine:
Citing your sources - this may be a bit complicated depending on what the source is and in what format it was that you consulted. For journal articles, the format is:
Author(s). Title of article. Source (Title of Publication) volume # (issue #), pages, (date).
If you do not have all these elements and it was an online article, enter the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) which is a unique number corresponding to the article. Do not use the URL except for a website and date in parentheses when you last visited site.
The report should include a total of 5 pages and follow this outline and directions for formatting on assignment sheet:
Should correspond to following roles of each group member or some variation of this:
How do you know if the journal articles that you find meet the criteria established in class? You want to make sure the articles::
Lists of highly ranked journals in cancer research include:
This assignment asks that you include at least 5 references that meet the following criteria:
Citing Reference Sources
Bibliography should include:
Regarding Annotations: You are asked to provide annotations for each cited article - they should include: A few short sentences that indicate the value of the article for the reason that you searched it - for instance, "Provides current explanation and details about how immunotherapy is a successful treatment of this kind of cancer and what kind of experience patients have with this." OR "Patients often are diagnosed with a more advanced stage of ___cancer because of their being asymptomatic for a long while and this article provides case studies about how this ____procedure or test can detect earlier signs of the cancer."
The UC in not renewing its subscription to the Elsevier Journal package for 2019 now dictates that content from those journals be requested via ILL. Also selective content for which the UC does not have perpetual access must be requested. Delivery is free & fast but not immediate and requires planning for access for current content from journals such as Lancet, Lancet Oncology, Cancer Letters, Cancer Epidemiology, Gene and hundreds of others. Check ScienceDirect for access or use the Request function in databases to order articles, or find alternative sources. When searching pay special attention to the publisher.