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Film and Media Studies: W22: Gutierrez - 139W

Writing on Film and Media - Latinx Media (Winter 2022 Professor Gutiérrez)

Welcome to this Library Research Guide for FMS139W - Writing on Film and Media: Writing about Latinx Media! In this course you are exploring questions such as what is Latinx media? What does studying Latinx media tell you about representation, audiences, industry, community, and society? You are also expected to write a seminar paper about Latinx media, grounded in Latinx media studies scholarship. Your bibliography will include at least 10 sources, with a minimum of 6 scholarly sources as well as primary sources (films, television shows, audio recordings, digital media, interviews, newspapers, and archival sources). This guide will help you in the process of compiling a strong and well-researched bibliography. This page contains a lot of information so it is organized into links and themes. I'm always here to help if you have any questions! 

Bibliographies + Books: Journal Articles & Databases: Scholars to Consult + Web Resources:
  1. Bibliographies
  2. Latinx Studies Scholarly Books
  3. How to Search for Books at UCI Libraries
  4. Keywords VS Subjects
  1. Journals to Consult
  2. Databases for Research
  3. Search Tips & Video Tutorials 
  1. Latinx Media Scholars 
  2. Amplifying Marginalized Voices: Online Collections 
  3. Online resources & Other Libraries

Research Help & Connecting to Library Resources

Bibliographies

Published bibliographies are excellent starting points in the research process. UCI Libraries subscribes to a resource called 'Oxford Bibliographies Online' (OBO) which offers authoritative research guides across a variety of subject areas. These entries are annotated bibliographies that offer you comprehensive lists of the best scholarship across a variety of subjects. (They will list for you the core textbooks, journals and articles, books, and more to read on a sub-topic). Take a look at a few examples relevant to this course below:

Latino Studies:

Cinema + Media Studies:

African American Studies:

Latin American Studies:

Latinx Studies Scholarly Monographs + Edited Volumes

A list of recommended Latinx Studies anthologies, readers, monographs, and edited volumes. Some of these are in print only, while others are available online and in print. You can also request single scans in UC Library Search for individual chapters of books when you sign into your account with your UCI net ID.

How to Search for Books at UCI Libraries

UC Library Search

Library Search is the easiest way to find and discover books. To make it a bit easier, when you enter keywords into Library Search, use the filters on the left-hand side and select "books" and "book chapters" as the format, and also pay attention to publication year.

Project Muse eBooks

Search for thousands of ebooks, with emphasis on humanities and social sciences.

Google Books

Google Books contains millions of digitized books beyond UCI Library. You can use it as a "discovery tool" . For example, you can keyword search an artist's name to see where they appear in various chapters of books. Only public domain (out of copyright) books are available as full-text in this tool, so check the library for the full-text copy.

Finding Books in the Library Stacks

Sometimes, it is nice to browse the print collection available locally on campus. Because this course can be interdisciplinary in nature, you may be looking at multiple sections in the library (history, social sciences, humanities, communication, film studies, and more). Here are a few starting points to browse the library stacks:

Class H: Social Sciences Examples:
HT51-1595 Communities. Classes. Race.
HM1206-1211 Communication. Mass Media
Class E: History of the Americas  
E151-909 United States
Class F: History of the Americas  
F1201-3799 Latin America.
F1201-1392 Mexico
F1421-1440 Central America
F2202-3799 South America
F2251-2299 Colombia
F2501-2659 Brazil
F3051-3285 Chile
Class P: Language and Literature  
PN1993-1999  Motion Pictures
PN1990-199.92 Broadcasting (Radio, Television)
PN4699-5650 Journalism. The periodical press, etc.

 

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Keywords VS Subject Headings

  • For visual screenshots contextualizing this, please visit: https://tinyurl.com/keyword-subject-search.
  • A keyword search: will search the author, title, subject, and other descriptors of the book, article, or other resource in the search results. Every time you search in Google, that is an example of a keyword search (the natural language and terms we come up with). Keyword searches are easy to use but sometimes you get too many results or results that are way off topic.
  • Subject Heading search: Subject headings function like #hashtags do on Instagram, except that the terms are pre-defined by a published set of vocabularies that librarians use. Subject headings are assigned to books and articles to describe their 'aboutness'. What is also very useful as a researcher is that subject headings are maintained by Library of Congress and so the same terms you use for research at UCI Libraries could be applied at other research libraries in North America.
  • Critical Viewpoint: Because Subject Headings were first created a very long time ago, sometimes the terms and concepts are outdated and inappropriate. There is an amazing documentary about this that looks at a grassroots approach students at Dartmouth made in changing the subject heading "illegal alien" Watch it here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1SroscdR7-Y

Examples of Subject Headings for this Course:

Pop Culture

Latinx Pop Culture (book series)
Mexican Americans in popular culture

Media
Hispanic American Mass Media
Hispanic Americans in Mass Media
Hispanic Americans -- Press Coverage -- United States
Mexican Americans -- Press Coverage -- United States

Motion Pictures & Television
Hispanic Americans in the motion picture industry
Hispanic Americans on television
Mexican Americans in motion pictures

Border Politics
Children of immigrants -- Education -- California
Deportation -- California
Emigration and immigration law  -- United States
Immigrant Families -- United States -- Social Conditions
Immigrant Families -- Law and legislation -- United States
Mexican Americans -- Political Activity
Noncitizens -- California -- Social Conditions

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Latinx Media Scholars

A list of recommended Latinx media scholars, filmmakers, and curators recommended by your professor. When you click these links, you'll see that it takes you to UC Library Search (it is an author subject search), showing you books and articles published by each individual.

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Journals to Consult

The Latino Studies Journal explores Latino/a culture at the local, national, transnational, and hemispheric levels. This journal illuminates the struggles of Latinas and Latinos for equality, representation, and social justice.

Special Issue in Critical Latinx Indigeneities (2017): This particular issue emergedout of a need to examine how Indigenous migrants from Latin America are transforming notions of Latinidad and indigeneity in the US. The articles gathered in this issue collectively consider how the growing presence of an Indigenous diaspora from Latin America is shifting and raising questions about transnational meanings of race, place, and indigeneity. 

  1. Critical Latinx Indigeneities: A paradigm drift
    (María Josefina Saldaña-Portillo)
  2. Geographies of indigeneity: Indigenous migrant women’s organizing and translocal politics of place
    (Maylei Blackwell)
  3. Metamestizaje and the narration of political movements from the south
    (Gloria E. Chacón)
  4. Mobile archives of indigeneity: Building La Comunidad Ixim through organizing in the Maya diaspora
    (Floridalma Boj Lopez)
  5. Rewriting the Mexican immigrant narrative: Situating indigeneity in Maya women’s stories
    (M. Bianet Castellanos)
  6. Learning from the paisanos: Coming to consciousness in Zapotec LA
    (Luis Sánchez-López)
  7. Coming Out as Indian: On being an Indigenous Latina in the US
    (Lourdes Alberto)
  8. Identity, violence, and authenticity: Challenging static conceptions of indigeneity
    (Luis Urrieta Jr)

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Here are a few journals you may want to consider, depending on your topic. You can also discover other reputable academic journals across these subject areas through a tool called BrowZine: Hispanic-American StudiesLatin American and Caribbean Studies; and Media Studies.

  1. Aztlan: a Journal of Chicano Studies (1970-): Presents original research that is relevant to or informed by the Chicano experience. It focuses on scholarly essays in the humanities, social sciences, and arts.Aztlán seeks ways to bring Chicano studies into critical dialogue with Latino, ethnic, American, and global studies.
  2. Chicana/Latina Studies (1997-): An interdisciplinary publicationof a feminist Chicana/Latina and Native women's academic organization, Mujeres Activas en Letras y Cambio Social (MALCS, Women Active in Research and Social Change). It aims to provide space for those historically marginalized and the journal is receptive to all scholarly methods and theoretical perspectives that examine, describe, analyze, or interpret the experiences of Chicanas/Latinas and Native women.
  3. Centro (1987-): Dedicated entirely to the field of Puerto Rican Studies. It publishes the latest work from scholars in a wide range of academic traditions, in order to enhance and advance the field of Puerto Rican Studies.
  4. Chiricú Journal: Latina/o Literatures, Arts, and Cultures (1976-): Dedicated to both critical inquiry and cultural expression. Chiricú showcases new scholarship from diverse disciplines as well as creative works of fiction, non-fiction, poetry, the visual arts, interviews, personal essays, and reviews of books, film, and exhibitions. 
  5. Afro-Hispanic Review (1982) The Afro-Hispanic Review, an academic journal of Afro-Hispanic literature and culture, is published by the Department of Spanish and Portuguese at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee. The journal’s mission is to promote the study of Afro-Hispanic literature and culture.

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Please also visit the Film and Media Studies Journal page, which lists many other critical film and media studies academic journals and magazines, broadly defined.

  1. Journal of Cinema and Media Studies (1961-):  This journal engages debate and rigorous thinking among humanities scholars of film, television, digital media, and other audiovisual technologies. It covers the aesthetic, political, and cultural interpretation of media and their production, circulation, and reception.
  2. Film Quarterly (1945-):  Film Quarterly, a journal devoted to the study of film, television, and visual media, publishes scholarly analyses of international and Hollywood cinema as well as independent film, including documentary and animation. The journal also revisits film classics; examines television and digital and online media; reports from international film festivals; reviews recent academic publications; and on occasion addresses installations, video games and emergent technologies
  3. Television and New Media (2000-): Explores the fields of television and new media studies as they focus on the historical, ethnographic, political-economic, technological, and textual dimensions of media in social contexts. 
  4. Journal of Popular Film & Television (1972-): The goal of the Journal of Popular Film and Television is to provide a representative cross section of critical-cultural perspectives and to broaden the existing literature to include the “public visions” of popular filmmakers and television showrunners, economic and industrial factors, and an emphasis on the complex role of audiences in the development of film and television as art forms and wide-reaching sociocultural forces.

 

Research Databases

These databases are excellent resources for getting started. Try running a few keyword searches in more than one to see what articles and results show up! Some are specific to a field of study while others cover all disciplines.

Hispanic American Periodicals Index (HAPI)

Provides complete bibliographic citations to the contents of scholarly journals published around the world on Latin America, the Caribbean, and Hispanics/Latinos in the US since the late 1960s. Includes everything from political, economic, and social issues to the arts and humanities. See the list of journals here.

Chicano Database

This databases Indexes a wide variety of materials (journal articles, books, book chapters) on the Mexican-American, Chicano, and the broader Latino experience. Scholarship is dated from 1960s-present. Use the "Get it at UC" link for full-text if not in database, or try ILL.

Film & Media Studies Databases (ProQuest)

This link will cross-search multiple databases in one search: the American Film Institute Film Catalog, the Entertainment Industry Magazine Archive, Performing Arts Periodicals, Film Index International, and FIAF International Index to Film Periodicals.

Communication Abstracts

This database covers communication (and media) studies. . Use this database to research mass media topics.

Academic Search Complete

This database is multidisciplinary so it covers many subject areas. It includes access to thousands of peer-reviewed journals as well as abstracts for magazines, monographs, reports, and conference proceedings. 

Media History Digital Library (Historical Research)

A free online archive/database featuring millions of pages of books and magazines from the histories of film, broadcasting, and recorded sound.

JSTOR

JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations

Google Scholar
 

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Here a few links to news databases that are based in the U.S. Pay attention to dates (listed in the coverage information) as some are historical and some are current. Also, get a free subscription to NYTimes.com and Washington Post!

U.S. Major Dailies 
Includes The New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, and the Wall Street Journal. Coverage: 1980s - today.

La Opinion 
Spanish language daily newspaper published in Los Angeles. Coverage: 2000 - current.

California Newspapers (Historical)
Coverage: 1850-1922 

AltPressWatch 
Alternative and independent press newspapers, magazines, and journals. Coverage: mostly 2000 - current.

Ethnic NewsWatch
Articles from newspapers and periodicals published by the ethnic, minority, and native press in America.

UCI Libraries provides access to a few Latin American news databases that are historical (as early as the 1800s). Here are a couple of them: 

Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library (Historical)

Coverage: 1884-2016
Newspapers in Spanish, English, French, Dutch, and Portuguese.

Latin American Newspapers (Historical)

Includes 35 newspapers published in the 19th and early 20th century in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Cuba, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela

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Film & Media Studies Databases (ProQuest)
This link will cross-search multiple databases in one search: the American Film Institute Film Catalog, the Entertainment Industry Magazine Archive, Performing Arts Periodicals, Film Index International, and FIAF International Index to Film Periodicals.

Daily Variety Archives contain almost every issue Variety has ever published — that's every page, including articles and ads, front pages and back covers. Each page is a watermarked PDF file. Variety began as a weekly publication December 16, 1905. Currently, the archives begin March 18, 1906. The archive is currently missing: March 29, 1932-June 14, 1932. The archive contain every issue of Daily Variety, which began publication September 6, 1933. An excellent source when trying to find older film reviews!

Media History Digital Library (Historical Research)

A free online archive/database featuring millions of pages of books and magazines from the histories of film, broadcasting, and recorded sound.

Los Angeles Times, 1985-present 
Search for articles in recent editions of the LA Times.

New York Times, 1980-present 
Search for articles in recent editions of the New York Times.

Ethnic Newswatch 
Articles from newspapers and periodicals published by the ethnic, minority, and native press in America.

Amplifying Marginalized Voices: Alternative Publications

These databases and digital projects seek to amplify the voices and experiences of marginalized peoples and communities. Depending on your topic, one of these may be very helpful for primary source material!

Alternative Press Index and Archive 
An index to alternative, radical, and left periodicals, newspapers, and magazines. Coverage varies: mostly 2000s - current

American Prison Newspapers
Ongoing digitization project of prison newspapers.

GenderWatch 
Alternative press and other hard-to-find articles about gender and sexuality. Coverage varies: mostly 1990s - current

Independent Voices 
Ongoing digitization project. Will include 1,000 alternative magazines, journals, newsletters, and newspapers. Coverage: 1960s-1980s

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Search Tips & Tutorials

Database Searching with Boolean Operators:

AND narrows the search because it requires that all keywords be in the results media AND women AND body image
OR broadens the search by looking for either of the words latinx OR latinos OR hispanics OR chicanos OR latinas 
NOT narrows a search by eliminating a certain aspect of a topic media NOT radio
* Using an asterisk is a form of truncation. Truncating means that you are able to search different forms of the same word at the same time. 

America* = America, Americans, American

politic* = politics, political, politic
chican* = chicana, chicanx, chicano/s

For more search strategies, visit this page.

 

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If you are a visual or audiovisual learner, these are very easy, short videos on navigating the library database Academic Search Complete, using Google Scholar, and also some great tips on understanding how to use strategies like truncation and boolean operators for better, more relevant results when you research:

  1. Video: Using Academic Search Complete (2 minutes)
  2. Video: Boolean logic/truncation to help you get better results (2 minutes)
  3. Video: Google Scholar searching (2 minutes)

 

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Online Resources + Local Libraries

  1. Online Exhibit from American Archive of Public  Broadcasting:
    Latino Empowerment through Public Broadcasting
  2. Remezcla - A grassroots project to amplify music, culture, and events not covered in the mainstream:
    https://remezcla.com/
  3. Latino Entertainment Journalists Association: 
    http://www.latinojournalists.com/
  4. Latino Media Gap Report (2014): 
    https://ecfsapi.fcc.gov/file/7522909797.pdf
  5. Hollywood Diversity Report (2021): Examines the relationship between diversity in the entertainment industry.
     https://socialsciences.ucla.edu/deans-initiatives/initiative-archive/hollywood-diversity-report/
  6. Worldscreen: An online and print publication covering the international media business. 
    Worldscreen: TV Latina
  7. Chicano Studies Research Center: 
    https://www.chicano.ucla.edu/