Institutional Review Board (IRB)
If your research involves human subjects, your work may need to be overseen by UC Irvine's Institutional Review Board (IRB). The IRB's goal is to protect human research participants in both medical and non-medical research projects. You should contact the IRB when you are planning a research project involving human subjects.
The translation of data into a secret code. Encryption is the most effective way to achieve data security. To read an encrypted file, you must have access to a secret key or password that enables you to decrypt it. Unencrypted data is called plain text ; encrypted data is referred to as cipher text. For more information: https://security.uci.edu/secure-computer/encryption.html
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996) is United States legislation that provides data privacy and security provisions for safeguarding medical information. The law has emerged into greater prominence in recent years with the proliferation of health data breaches caused by cyberattacks and ransomware attacks on health insurers and providers. Take a look at the HIPAA for Professionals from the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.