The publisher may have author guidelines on how to cite data. Also, look for examples from previously published papers. The repository or source of the dataset may have suggested citations. If there are no recommended data citation models, try using DataCite recommendations for the minimum format for citing data:
Optional elements (as appropriate)
Recommended forms of a data citation are:
Creator (Publication Year): Title. Publisher. Identifier
Creator (Publication Year): Title. Version. Publisher. Resource Type. Identifier
Data archives may provide guidelines on how to cite the data, e.g.,:
Bachman, Jerald G., Johnston, Lloyd D., and O’Malley, Patrick M. Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of American Youth (12th-Grade Survey), 1998. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-05-15. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02751.v1
Sidlauskas, Brian (2007), Data from: Testing for unequal rates of morphological diversification in the absence of a detailed phylogeny: case study from characiform fishes, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.20
Tables, charts, graphs, maps or figures appearing in a publication
United States. Bureau of the Census. "Table 6. People with Income below Specified Ratios of their Poverty Thresholds by Selected Characteristics: 2009." Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2009. ttps://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/demo/tables/p60/238/table6.pdf. Accessed: 6/21/2022.
Subject Archive EntryGenbank accession number, available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.
DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier and is a unique number used to precisely locate electronic items like webpages, articles, files, etc. A DOI is persistent, which means it does not "break" the way a URL can when a website is updated.