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Misinformation - Get the Facts

A Quick Reference Guide on Information Consumption; Tools to Encourage Individual Agency
SIFT through your research to find the facts
Reading Across Websites - Lateral Reading: Do Investigate the source across multiple websites
Review the Website - Vertical Reading show a Red X; Don't stay within the new sources' own website to evaluate it's own reliability
Confirmation Bias - Seeking out info that confirms our own beliefs and expectations. Volume of information does not quantify truth.
RADAR - Relevance, Authority, Date, Appearance, Reason. A critical mental approach to help you navigate the internet's sea of information
Do As Fact Checkers Do; 1. Aren't familiar with the source's website: Leave it to learn about it. 2. Don't let the search engine do the selection for you, scroll and select
How to Fact Check Like a Pro; Check the sources, Judge Hard, Check credentials, Look for Bias, Check the date.

Who Knows How to Search

A 2017 Stanford study observed “10 Ph.D. historians, 10 professional fact checkers, and 25 Stanford University undergraduates…as they evaluated live websites and searched for information on social and political issues.”

Outcome: Historians and students often fell victim to easily manipulated features of websites, such as official-looking logos and domain names. They read vertically, staying within a website to evaluate its reliability. In contrast, fact checkers read laterally, leaving a site after a quick scan and opening up new browser tabs in order to judge the credibility of the original site. Compared to the other groups, fact checkers arrived at more warranted conclusions in a fraction of the time. (Source Neiman Lab)

The Facts about Fact Checking: Crash Course Navigating Digital Information #2 (Video 3:54) John Green walks "through the steps that professionals follow, including figuring out who is behind the information we read, why they're sharing that information, and what kind of evidence exists to back up the claim".

Ted-Ed How to choose your news narrated by Damon Brown (Video 4:48) How do we choose which news to consume? Get the scoop on how opinions and facts affect the news and how to tell them apart.