A 2017 Stanford study observed “10 Ph.D. historians, 10 professional fact checkers, and 25 Stanford University undergraduates…as they evaluated live websites and searched for information on social and political issues.”
Outcome: Historians and students often fell victim to easily manipulated features of websites, such as official-looking logos and domain names. They read vertically, staying within a website to evaluate its reliability. In contrast, fact checkers read laterally, leaving a site after a quick scan and opening up new browser tabs in order to judge the credibility of the original site. Compared to the other groups, fact checkers arrived at more warranted conclusions in a fraction of the time. (Source Neiman Lab)
The Facts about Fact Checking: Crash Course Navigating Digital Information #2 (Video 3:54) John Green walks "through the steps that professionals follow, including figuring out who is behind the information we read, why they're sharing that information, and what kind of evidence exists to back up the claim".
Ted-Ed How to choose your news narrated by Damon Brown (Video 4:48) How do we choose which news to consume? Get the scoop on how opinions and facts affect the news and how to tell them apart.
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