DACA = Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals
“On June 15, 2012, the Secretary of Homeland Security announced that certain people who came to the United States as children and meet several guidelines may request consideration of deferred action for a period of two years, subject to renewal. They are also eligible for work authorization. Deferred action is a use of prosecutorial discretion to defer removal action against an individual for a certain period of time. Deferred action does not provide lawful status.” - Department of Homeland Security
On inauguration day, the new Biden Administration issued a statement to preserve and fortify DACA. This presidential action eliminated the previous administrations threat (see below) on the DACA population and reinstated applications for DACA status. "Biden Administration Day One Immigration Actions" National Immigration Law Center January 28, 2021
On September 5, 2017, President Trump canceled the DACA program and asked Congress to replace it with legislation before the policy expires in March 2018. "Trump Moves to End DACA and Calls on Congress to Act" New York Times September 5, 2017.
DACA = temporary work permits
CA Dream Act = CA financial aid
AB 540 = in-state tuition
Supreme Court Decision
News and Breakdowns:
National Immigration Law Center: https://www.nilc.org/2020/06/22/top-5-things-to-know-about-daca-now-that-the-supreme-court-has-ruled/
National Conference on State Legislatures: https://www.ncsl.org/research/immigration/u-s-supreme-court-ruling-on-daca.aspx
Immigration Legal Resource Center: https://www.ilrc.org/understanding-2020-supreme-court-decision-daca
Supreme Court Decision (PDF): https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/19pdf/18-587_5ifl.pdf
USCIS Statement (anti-DACA): https://www.uscis.gov/news/news-releases/uscis-statement-supreme-courts-daca-decision
DHS Statement (anti-DACA): https://www.dhs.gov/news/2020/06/18/dhs-statement-supreme-court-decision-daca
Speaker of the House Statement (pro-DACA): https://www.speaker.gov/newsroom/61820-0
CA Governor Statement (pro-DACA): https://www.gov.ca.gov/2020/06/18/governor-newsom-statement-on-u-s-supreme-courts-daca-ruling/
Renew your DACA: USCIS webpage
Pope, N. G. (2016). The effects of DACAmentation: The impact of deferred action for childhood arrivals on unauthorized immigrants. Journal of Public Economics, 143, 98–114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpubeco.2016.08.014
Parital abstract: This paper looks at how DACA affects DACA-eligible immigrants' labor market outcomes. I use a difference-in-differences design for unauthorized immigrants near the criteria cutoffs for DACA eligibility. I find DACA increases the likelihood of working by increasing labor force participation and decreasing the unemployment rate for DACA-eligible immigrants.
Dataset via ScienceDirect
Wadhia, S. S. (2013). My great FOIA adventure and discoveries of deferred action cases at ICE (No. ID 2195758). Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network.
Abstract: This article describes my adventures in FOIA litigation and analyzes deferred action data collected informally by 24 ICE field offices between October 1, 2011, and June 30, 2012. This article also offers recommendations for the agency on data collection, recordkeeping, and transparency in deferred action cases.
Dataset via Harvard Dataverse.
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