There are as many kinds as abstracts as there are types of research papers. The classic abstract is usually a "Informative" abstract. This kind of abstract communicates compressed information and include the purpose, methods, and scope of the article. They are usually short (250 words or less) and allow the reader to decide whether they want to read the article.
The goal is to communicate:
The abstract should be a concise (200 words or less), standalone summary of the paper, with 1–2 sentences on each of these topics:
The abstract should be written for the audience of this journal: do not assume too much or too little background with the topic.
Ensure that all of the information found in the abstract also can be found in the body of the paper.
Ensure that the important information of the paper is found in the abstract.
Avoid: using the first paragraph of the introduction as an abstract; citations in the abstract; acronyms (but if used, spell them out); referring to figures or tables from the body of the paper; use of the first person; use of words like “new” or “novel,” or phrases like “in this paper,” “we report,” or “will be discussed.”
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