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Writing 60: Argument & Research: First Amendment

Recommended resources for students working on their Writing 60 research and writing assignments.

Find Sources

These databases can find all types of articles and multi-modal resources. However, they are best at finding academic research articles. Do you need a scholarly or peer reviewed article? It's a good idea to begin here.

Find books in the library: 

Online reference (or background) resources on First Amendment topics:

Select contemporary works on first amendment issues:

Major subject headings or tags:

  • Academic freedom
  • Freedom of speech
  • Intellectual freedom
  • United States Constitution 1st Amendment
  • Freedom of expression -- United States

Amendment I

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances. Legal Information Institute, U.S. Constitution, First Amendment, available at

What the First Amendment Guarantees .... "The First Amendment guarantees freedoms concerning religion, expression, assembly, and the right to petition.  It forbids Congress from both promoting one religion over others and also restricting an individual’s religious practices.  It guarantees freedom of expression by prohibiting Congress from restricting the press or the rights of individuals to speak freely.  It also guarantees the right of citizens to assemble peaceably and to petition their government."  

[Legal Information Institute, First Amendment, available at]


An image of the U.S. Constitution

Newspaper Resources

Criminal Justice News

Criminal Justice News sites link out to corrections and sentencing related stories daily.

Activate Subscriptions to Current Newspapers

Click each link to learn how to activate your complimentary subscription to these newspapers, courtesy of UCI Libraries. You only have to activate once to get started, and renew each year while you are at UCI. VPN required to activate. 

These are examples of multimodal information sources. There are many other types of multimodal information and writing. Please consult with your writing instructor about how to incorporate multimodals into your writing assignment.

Data and Statistics

Criminal Justice Data & Statistics

Images and Media

A highly selective sample of non-governmental constitutional law policy and research making organizations -- Other unlisted sites may prove equally valuable and valid for purposes of your research.

Additional Research Support

Help Bubble

Schedule a Research Consultation

Schedule an appointment to get one-on-one research assistance from a librarian.

Visit a Peer Tutor

Get help with your writing from a peer writing consultant.