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Writing 60: Argument & Research

Recommended resources for students working on their Writing 60 research and writing assignments.

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MLA Citations

Named for the Modern Language Association, MLA Style is used in many Humanities disciplines, including English Literature, Foreign Languages and Literatures, Literary Criticism, Comparative Literature, and Cultural Studies. The MLA Handbook is currently in its 8th edition.

MLA requires that you cite your sources using both in-text citations and a Works Cited list.

Core Components of a Citation

The MLA Style Center outlines nine core elements to a citation. The core elements are arranged in a specific format.

Author surname, first name and initial. Title of Source. Title of Container, Other Contributors, version, number, Publisher, Publication Date, Location.

Sample Citations

Journal Article

Galloway, Mollie K., et al. “Culturally Responsive, Antiracist, or Anti-Oppressive? How Language Matters for School Change Efforts.” Equity & Excellence in Education, vol. 52, no. 4, Nov. 2019, pp. 485-501. EBSCOhost. doi:10.1080/10665684.2019.1691959.

In-Text Parenthetical Citation: (Galloway 493). 

In-Text Narrative Citation: Galloway claims...(493).


Kendi, Ibram X. How to be an Antiracist. Random House Publishing Group, 2019.

In-Text Parenthetical Citation: (Kendi 34).

In-Text Narrative Citation: Kendi's novel asserts...(34)


Thomas, Traci, host. "The Short Stacks 22: Ibram X. Kendi//How to be an Antiracist." The Stacks, PodcastOne, 2019,

Parenthetical Citation: (Thomas)

MLA Style Resources

The MLA Style Center

Published by MLA, the online Style Center includes FAQs, sample pages, a citation template, and other resources for formatting your paper in MLA Style.

MLA Citation Guide - Columbia College

This guide features a useful "How do I cite?" page that details proper MLA 8 citation of different media.