This very abbreviated timeline chronicles the evoluation of Scholarly Communications as we know it today. Organized in reverse chronology, it demonstrates the range of activities now currently associated with the spectrum included in Scholarly Communications.
Open Access Movement advances
1945 Vannevar Bush predicts new role for science by developing "memex" making knowledge more accessible and publishes essay, "As We May Think" in the Atlantic Monthly
1965 ARPA sponsors study on "cooperative network of time-sharing computers"
1965 Ted Nelson coins the terms: "hypertext" and "hyperlink" to refer to the structure of a computerized information system through which a user can navigate "nonsequentially"
1967 OCLC was founded as Ohio Computer Library Center - member libraries subsequently create WorldCat as largest inventory of global library holdings
Late 1980s The first digital-only, free journals (eventualy to be called "open access journals") were published on the Internet. Among the was Bryn Mawr Classical Review, Postmodern Culture, Psycoloquy, and Te Public-Access Computer Systems Review
1040 Movable clay type invented in China
1436 Gutenberg invented the printing press with replaceable/movable wooden or metal letters
1665 First schoalrly journals published when the French Journal des scavans and the English Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society first began systematically publishing research results
1675 Introduction of Peer Review
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