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SE 10 - Research Design - Fall 2021 - Prof. Garrison: Assignments


APA Style Material

The latest APA's Publication Manual was released in late 2019 but only in print.  These links are for that 7th edition of the manual.  It is best to use the OWL Manual which is updated.

Locate an available doi here! A doi is a set of numbers (sometimes letters, too) that helps you locate specific texts or objects. Anything can have a doi, but dois are often used to identify articles.

Find out about software to make citing sources easy here.

Written Assigments

In order to complete the research proposal, review the assignment and rubric carefully realizing that this is made easier with more reading that you do of research papers and proposals paying attention to the following:

  1. Choose a topic that interests you where you can find appropriate data to cite.  You may want to consider what all has been going in our lives in recent months with the pandemic, healthcare, remote learning, racial injustices, rethinking policing, etc.  Think of the primary keywords that best describe your idea or hypothesis. You will be wring a draft proposal and a final proposal that will reflect input from the double blind review process.  Begin an outline following the Research Proposal Rubric:
    1. 4-5 pages without authors' names - use a code name
    2. Introduction - noting significance to field
    3. offers a specific and feasible research question - like a hypothesis
    4. concepts, variables and measures:
      1. defines at least 2 key concepts within research question
      2. operationalizes each key concept with a specific, observable variable
      3. specifies how each variable will be observed/measures defining unit of analysis, level of measurement, the data source, and sampling method
    5. Methods -
      1. identifies type of social research - descriptive, exploratory, explanatory or evaluation
      2. describes any research methods and identifies them as quantitative, qualitative or mixed
    6. conclusion - summarizes expected findings
      1. explains broader significance - within context or discipline
    7. opt-in for Extra Credit

Preparing for the process and conducting research includes:

  1. Conducting a literature review to find at least 3-5 peer reviewed sources that identify empirical data or follow the process above - the more you read the better your proposal will be
  2. Recommended Databases and hints that apply to search each one follow - remember to use the filtering to increase relevancy in the output and READ the abstracts to determine whether you want to read the entire article and use the Find at UC or UC eLinks icon in the databases to open the article.  Remember to sort the output by Most Recent rather than relevancy if you are seeking more current information.
  • Academic Search Complete - Scholarly, multi-disciplinary database providing indexing and abstracts for thousands of peer-reviewed journals, as well as indexing and abstracts for magazines, monographs, reports, and conference proceedings; a lot of fulltext content is included in the database - click on the pdfs or html links when available; also restrict to peer-reviewed on the left sidebar
  • PsycINFO  - don't forget to use the filters at the bottom of the search screen - scroll down; you can select APA format for exporting the citations to you via eMail
  • PubMed  - conduct your search; with results under Format - switch from summary to abstract.  Following the abstract you will find icons from publishers indicating that the article may be available.  Click through to read fulltext.  UC eLinks are at the bottom of the screen.
  • Criminal Justice Abstracts with Fulltext - contains much fulltext within database.  Covers major topics in criminology, juvenile justice, parole systems and related themes.
  • Sociological Abstracts - strong social science content - use eLinks for fulltext
  • Education Source with Fulltext - covers full spectrum of education from early childhood to post-secondary and continuing education.  Contains some fulltext.
  • Web of Science - restrict to "Web of Science Core Collection" - everything you will retrieve is scholarly peer reviewed content.  Use eLinks to open articles.
  • Annual Reviews* (many different titles - each can be searched or you can search entire database - contain long bibliographies
  • Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Database - May be easiest to use Advanced Search.  Contains a lot of fulltext within database. Subject matter is very interdisciplinary and focuses on environmental sciences and intersections to many topics. Filter content by selecting fulltext and Peer reviewed and if you don't find what you need, deactivate fulltext and use the eLinks
  • Opposing Viewpoints in Context - coverage of major contemporary issues with a pro/con orientation
  • Global Issues in Context - "Global Issues In Context supports global awareness and provides a global perspective while tying together a wealth of authoritative content, empowering learners to critically analyze and understand the most important issues of the modern world. Integrating news, global viewpoints, reference materials, country information, primary source documents, videos, statistics, and more in a single search"
  • Check out other Subject Guides for topics such as News & Media coverage, films/video & streaming media, data sources, visual images, and other information resources.

         General hints to retrieve more focused outcomes are:

  • to restrict to a time period (ex, 2017+)
  • search topically
  • consider research methodology practice and enter ways to search that as part of your search strategy
  • remember to define your subjects as humans and disclose the specific population - by gender, age, medical condition, mental health state, etc - remember that you can restrict PsycINFO to empirical data
  • use specific customizing methods of each database
  • use truncation marks to permute spelling forms and expand terminology
  • read several examples of research studies before you select one to model
  • consider value of the rubric and follow and as this outline responds to how most social scientist's organize information
  • include all elements of article - hypothesis / research question; research methods; analysis; findings; conclusions and contextualize for each area
  • try and be non-subjective
  • remember to be true to the data - empirical evidence is critical
  • can you generalize the data to larger question - is sample size sufficient, and other such questions are important

   3.    Read some introductory passages in order to compose a relevant introduction - DON'T CITE FROM AN ABSTRACT

   4.     Cite references using APA style format described on LEFT & RIGHT SIDEBARS

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Outline of Research Paper

The final paper should include the following components:

  1. Introduction of topic - thematic focus & significance to the field - what is the research question, what does it reveal about the topic & what is being studied
  2. Key Concepts - at least two and operationalizes each key concept with a specific, observable variable
    1. notes how each variable will be observed/measured
  3. Methods - describe and explain
  4. conclusion - summarizes expected findings and explain broader significance and implications for community
  5. when citing use APA Style - example for a journal article:

           author (date of publication). Title of article. Source of article. Volume #, issue #, page references. DOI (if listed) - example:

           Meadows, A., Nolan, L. J., & Higgs, S. (2017). Self-perceived food addiction: Prevalence, predictors, and prognosis.  Appetite 114, 282-298. doi: