These sources examine and compare academic programs in various disciplines.
Universities and colleges are ranked by several differents sources that use varying methodolgies. Some of these rankings are controversial because of the weight given to data that may not truly represent academic quality. Researchers should examine each source's methodolgy carefully, and use multiple methods in determining academic value.
Institutional impact is gaining strong momentum as it charts the role of sponsored research and how institutional researchers are being assessed and documented using different tools.