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Gender and Sexuality Studies: Reference Information

This guide supports teaching and research in Women, Gender and Feminist Studies at UCI. UCI has a strong Women's Studies department, & research in Women's/Gender/Feminist Studies is also based in other departments, such as History, Sociology, etc.

Reference Sources

Dictionaries, encyclopedias, and other useful finding aids for Women’s/Gender/Feminist Studies.  Titles with an asterisk are available from off-campus only to currently-enrolled UCI students, faculty, and staff.

Note: Reference works provide concise and easily accessible information and serve as excellent sources for topic exploration and background information including concepts, theories, names, dates, etc. A few are on the Web, but most of these invaluable sources are not yet available online; you must use the paper-only sources in the Langson Library Reference Collection, first floor.

Archival Documents Sources

Empire Online

Brings together manuscript, printed, and visual primary source materials for the study of 'Empire' and its theories, practices and consequences.

North American Women's Letters and Diaries

North American Women's Letters and Diaries (NAWLD) is a full-text database of the personal experiences as reflected in the letters and diaries of 1,325 women who lived in North America before 1960.

Working Women, 1800-1930

Provides access to digitized books (over 3,500), manuscripts (7,500 pages) and images (1,200) from the collections of Harvard University Libraries and Museums on the topic of women in the U.S. economy from 1800-1930.


Subject Guide

Christina Woo's picture
Christina Woo
Langson Library 146

(949) 824-4974

What is a Primary Source?

A Primary Source is a document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study. These sources were present during an experience or time period and offer an inside view of a particular event.

Primary sources related to Women's Studies are documents which include letters, diaries, pamphlets, broadsides, photographs, speeches, and more. A famous example of a primary source in Women Studies is the "Diary of Anne Frank" - this chronicles the experiences of a Jewish family during WWII.